With over 10 years of experience, the IISD Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) is widely recognized as world-class leader in the quantification, evaluation and reform of subsidies.
Governments around the world spend at least a trillion dollars a year on subsidies to exploit the world's natural resources. But faced with increasing fiscal constraints, and concerned about making their economies cleaner, more inclusive and stable, governments are under increasing pressure to change course.
GSI works closely with governments to help them move away from subsidies that hinder sustainability. The goal is to encourage individual governments to undertake unilateral reforms on subsidy policy where these would deliver clear economic, environmental and social benefits. GSI also aims to generate a consensus in the World Trade Organization and in other forums on the need to take resolute, ongoing and systematic action to reduce or eliminate subsidies that are trade-distorting and undermine sustainable development.
Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change: Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements
Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFSs) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change?Read More
Determining the Status of Fish Stocks in Data-Poor Environments and Multispecies Fisheries
Some of the possible new World Trade Organization rules on fisheries subsidies could apply only when fish stocks are overfished or fishing is unsustainable. How can this be assessed in the context of data-poor and multispecies fisheries?Read More
Rethinking Eskom: Lessons from electricity sector reform in India and Mexico
As South Africa debates how to reform its struggling electricity sector, this publication reviews how international experience from India and Mexico could inform the debate.Read More
How Can We Support Fisheries During the Pandemic?
We must aim to support businesses, incomes, and food security while creating a more sustainable future for fisheries.Read More
Remembering Sylvia Ostry, a Pioneering Winnipegger
The proud Canadian saw in IISD an organization prepared to take risks in pursuit of its mission, defy the status quo, and challenge accepted wisdom.Read More
Potential Implementation Steps of a WTO Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies
As members of the WTO negotiate new rules to curb harmful fisheries subsidies, this policy brief examines the potential steps governments could take to implement successful subsidy reform that promotes more sustainable fisheries.Read More
Mapping India's Energy Subsidies 2020: Fossil fuels, renewables and electric vehicles
How have India’s energy subsidy policies changed? What have been the most significant developments in India’s dynamic energy policy environment? And is public support aligned with India’s desired energy future?Read More
Exploring the Trade Impacts of Fossil Fuel Subsidies
How do fossil fuel subsidies affect competitiveness and trade in various markets, and what is the likely scale of such impacts? This paper sheds light on the relevance of fossil fuel subsidies from an international trade policy perspective, in particular for the WTO.Read More
Achieving Low Solar Energy Price in Indonesia: Lessons learned from the Gulf Cooperation Council region and India
While solar energy has exploded in India and the Gulf Cooperation Council region, it has lagged significantly in Indonesia. This report examines why this has been the case and what Indonesia can do to catch up to others in growing the renewable energy sector in the country.Read More
Canada's Federal Fossil Fuel Subsidies in 2020
Federal fossil fuel subsidies in Canada reached at least CAD 600 million in 2019, but more transparency is needed from government to understand the full picture.Read More