Senior Policy Advisor, Energy and Lead, Indonesia
Philip Gass is a Senior Policy Advisor, Energy and Lead, Indonesia with the Energy program, specializing in climate change and energy policy at the sub-national and national level in North America and Indonesia as well as international developments within the UNFCCC process.
His recent work has focused on development of fiscal policy approaches that facilitate GHG mitigation including carbon pricing and subsidy reform. He also works directly on economic models that promote sustainability including the green economy, circular economy, and just transitions. In Indonesia he has focused on strategies to shift from coal to renewable energy and in Canada his recent work has included efforts to encourage producer and consumer fossil fuel subsidy reform. He has a background in political economy and stakeholder engagement, having worked in a legislative setting in Canada prior to joining IISD.
- Locked In and Losing Out: British Columbia’s fossil fuel subsidiesBritish Columbia's fossil fuel subsidies reached CAD 830 million in 2017–2018, and new subsidies continue to be introduced. This report identifies provincial subsidies and calls on the province to undertake subsidy reform.
- Sustainable Watersheds for Carbon Offsets: Biomass harvesting for phosphorus capture, habitat renewal and carbon emissions reductions We have been exploring new and innovative practices to reduce flood impacts and nutrient loading, as well as to reduce carbon emissions, in the Lake Winnipeg watershed through better water retention management, and the harvest and use of sustainable wetland biomass.
- Getting to 23 Per Cent: Strategies to scale up renewables in IndonesiaThis report addresses seven concrete ways in which the Indonesian government can overcome the existing obstacles and make significant progress to grow renewable energy before 2025.
- Tackling Coal-Driven Air Pollution in China and India: Lessons learned for Indonesia Although air pollution in China and India is currently heavier than in Indonesia, these two countries have been giving more attention to tackling it. Given Indonesia’s very large coal growth projections and current level of air pollution, lessons can be learned from both China and India when it comes to addressing air pollution.
- The (Public) Cost of Pollution: Ontario's fossil fuel subsidiesThis report provides an inventory of fossil fuel subsidies in Ontario and provides recommendations for provincial subsidy reform.
- Raising Ambition Through Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: Greenhouse gas emissions results modelling from 26 countriesThis working paper models 26 countries and finds national average emission reductions of 6 per cent from the removal of fossil fuel subsidies. For every tonne of CO2e removed through FFSR, governments save an average of USD 93. Global emission reductions from reforms are between 6.4 and 8.2 per cent by 2050. Countries can consider the carbon reduction co-benefits from FFSR and taxation within second-generation Nationally Determined Contributions.
- Emission Omissions: Carbon accounting gaps in the built environmentLife-cycle assessment (LCA) studies are the best tool we have to measure the carbon footprints of building products at each phase of their lifespan, but they have some flaws.
- Real People, Real Change: Strategies for just energy transitionsThis report aims to support governments in their endeavour to make energy transitions just, building on research and case studies in Canada, Egypt, Indonesia, India, Poland and Ukraine.
- Public Cash for Oil and Gas: Mapping federal fiscal support for fossil fuelsThis report examines the inventory of federal fossil fuel subsidies in Canada
- Economic Instruments to Leverage Clean Energy Investment There is widespread recognition that the bulk of the investment needed to meet the Paris...
- New poll shows Canadians want to end public subsidies for oil and gas companiesNew polling shows that Canadians are strongly opposed to federal and provincial governments using public dollars to subsidize oil and gas companies.
- Les subventions du gouvernement à la consommation et au développement d'hydrocarbures au QuébecDe 2011-12 à 2016-17, le gouvernement du Québec a ainsi versé en moyenne 300 millions de dollars par année en allègement à la taxe sur les carburants, des mesures qui vont à l’encontre d’une diminution de la consommation d’hydrocarbures.
- Missing the 23 Per Cent Target: Roadblocks to the development of renewable energy in IndonesiaThis report seeks to answer the question of why renewable energy deployment, particularly wind and solar, has not taken off in Indonesia. To understand the forces shaping the sector, and what can be done to remedy the situation, IISD conducted interviews with politicians, civil servants, industry representatives, renewable energy developers, civil society organizations, international donors and other stakeholders. A total of 26 interviews took place, revealing the roots of the problem, the broader political economy of the energy sector and some possible ways forward.
- Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform and the Just Transition: Integrating approaches for complementary outcomesThis paper goes into detail about the various ways in which FFSR can be consistent with just transition. The scale of current fossil fuel subsidies in the world coupled with the massive financial needs for transition are early indicators of the benefits of approaching FFSR with just transition in mind.
- Cities and Smart Grids in CanadaThis report looks specifically at smart grids within the context of grid modernization and urban settings in Canada.
- North American Energy Integration: Assessing oil and gas policy issues ahead of NAFTA renegotiationMexico, Canada and the United States stand to benefit from increasing energy sector interconnectedness and coordination. What key environmental and fiscal policy areas related to oil and gas development provide opportunities for further harmonization?
- Financial Supports for Coal and Renewables in IndonesiaThis report shows that the “true cost” of coal, including subsidies and externalities such as GHG emissions and air pollution, is considerably greater than the cost of renewable energy in Indonesia.
- Making the Switch: From fossil fuel subsidies to sustainable energyThis report estimates fossil fuel subsidies to be around USD 425 billion. Such subsidies represent large lost opportunities for governments to invest in renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainable development.
- Costing Energy and Fossil Fuel Subsidies in Nunavut: A mapping exerciseThis report, entitled Costing Energy and Fossil Fuel Subsidies in Nunavut, was commissioned by World Wildlife Fund Canada and undertaken by the International Institute for Sustainable Development.
- Wind Power in China: A cautionary taleThis reports looks at some of the challenges that China has faced in expanding wind power. It identifies the ways that the government has sought to address these challenges and offers recommendations to support expanded wind power in China and elsewhere.
- Stories of Coal Phase-Out: Lessons learned for ChinaThis report offers a summary of several countries’ experiences implementing energy policy shifts in an area of particular interest to China: the transition away from coal to cleaner fuels and a low-carbon economy.
- Supporting Energy Pricing Reform and Carbon Pricing Policies Through CreditingThis study examines the role that policy crediting might play in increasing the mitigation impact of energy pricing reform and carbon pricing policies.