CIADI

ITN  |  marzo 13, 2017

Laudos y Decisiones

Tribunal del CIADI desestima demanda contra Indonesia por falsificación de licencias mineras Churchill Mining PLC y Planet Mining Pty Ltd vs. la República de Indonesia, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/12/14 y Caso del CIADI No. ARB/12/40 Inaê Siqueira de Oliveira[*] Luego de dictar dos decisiones separadas sobre jurisdicción ¾una en el caso entablado por la empresa […]

ICSID tribunal dismisses claims brought against Indonesia based on forged mining licences

Churchill Mining PLC y Planet Mining Pty Ltd vs. la República de Indonesia, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/12/14 y Caso del CIADI No. ARB/12/40 Luego de dictar dos decisiones separadas sobre jurisdicción ¾una en el caso entablado por la empresa británica Churchill Mining PLC en virtud del tratado bilateral de inversión (TBI) entre el Reino Unido […]

Pac Rim vs. El Salvador: todas las demandas desestimadas; OceanaGold debe pagar US$8 millones por gastos

Pac Rim Cayman LLC vs. la República de El Salvador, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/09/12 El 14 de octubre de 2016, un tribunal del Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias relativas a Inversiones (CIADI) desestimó todas las demandas presentadas por Pac Rim Cayman LLC (Pac Rim) contra El Salvador en base a los méritos. El […]

ITN  |  diciembre 12, 2016

Laudos y Decisiones

(English) Venezuela to Pay Us$1 Billion For Expropriating Canadian Mining Company’s Investment

ICSID Tribunal dismisses MFN Clause in WTO GATS as a means of importing Senegal’s consent to arbitration from third party BIT

PCA tribunal deemed acts of Polish Agricultural Property Agency not attributable to Poland

Claimant not considered Investor due to interpretation of “Seat” under Cyprus–Montenegro BIT

Ecuador’s Levy on extraordinary oil profits at a 99% rate has breached Murphy’s legitimate expectations, decides PCA tribunal

Ecuador ordered by PCA tribunal to pay $24 million to Canadian Mining Company

Laudos  |  diciembre 12, 2016

Tribunal del CIADI rechaza utilización de la cláusula de NMF del AGCS de la OMC como medio para importar el consentimiento a arbitraje de Senegal de un TBI de terceras partes

Menzies Middle East and Africa S.A. y Aviation Handling Services International Ltd. vs. República de Senegal,Caso del CIADI No.ARB/15/21

Laudos  |  diciembre 12, 2016

Demandante no considerada inversionista debido a interpretación de “sede” bajo el TBI entre Chipre y Montenegro

CEAC Holdings Limited v Montenegro, Caso del CIADI No. ARB(AF)/14/8

El Centro de Solución de Controversias en Materia de Inversiones de UNASUR: Comentarios Sobre el Borrador de Acuerdo Constitutivo

La futura puesta en marcha del Centro puede generar escepticismo, ya que su funcionamiento podría menospreciar estándares internacionales en favor de parámetros regionales y ello, a su vez, provocar una mayor inestabilidad en la región. Desde otra perspectiva, la creación del Centro podría, no obstante, aumentar la legitimidad y la popularidad de los mecanismos de solución de controversias inversionista-Estado en los países miembros de UNASUR, al implementarse las novedades procesales y sustantivas contenidas en el AC. ¿Cuáles son las novedades procesales y sustantivas contenidas en el Proyecto de Acuerdo Constitucional?

Laudos  |  agosto 10, 2016

Awards and Decisions

(English) The long-expected final award has been rendered in the high-profile case initiated by tobacco giant Philip Morris in early 2010 against Uruguay over its tobacco control measures.

Laudos  |  agosto 10, 2016

Philip Morris vs. Uruguay: todas las demandas desestimadas; Uruguay recibirá reembolso por US$7 millones

Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. y Abal Hermanos S.A. vs. la República Oriental del Uruguay, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/10/7

Laudos  |  agosto 10, 2016

Tribunal del CIADI admite objeción de Panamá sobre abuso de proceso; Transglobal debe pagar costos del arbitraje y la mayoría de las costas legales de Panamá

Transglobal Green Energy, LLC y Transglobal Green Panama, S.A. vs. República de Panamá (Caso del CIADI No. ARB/13/28)

Laudos  |  agosto 10, 2016

Venezuela debe pagar US$1,202 mil millones más intereses a la empresa minera canadiense Crystallex por violación de FET y expropiación

Crystallex International Corporation vs. la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Caso del CIADI No. ARB(AF)/11/2

Laudos  |  agosto 10, 2016

TBI entre Turquía y Turkmenistán: Tribunal declara las demandas admisibles pero las desestima por falta de méritos

İçkale İnşaat Limited Şirketi vs. Turkmenistán, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/10/24

Segunda demanda contra Uruguay ante el CIADI; decisión sobre el caso Philip Morris aún pendiente

El 24 de marzo, el Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias relativas a Inversiones (CIADI) registró una solicitud de arbitraje (Caso No. ARB/16/9) por parte de la empresa de telecomunicaciones estadounidense Italba contra Uruguay

Tribunal del CIADI otorga daños por expropiación indirecta de Venezuela en una inversión en industria del acero

Tenaris S.A. y Talta-Trading e Marketing Sociedade Unipessoal LDA vs. la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/11/26

Primer caso del CIADI contra Guinea rechazado por falta de jurisdicción

Société civile immobilière de Gaëta vs. la República de Guinea, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/12/36

Eslovenia condenada a pagar €20 millones por daños y US$10 millones por gastos a empresa nacional de energía eléctrica de Croacia

Hrvatska Elektroprivreda d.d. vs. la República de Eslovenia, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/05/24

El único arbitraje de tratado de inversión conocido contra Guinea Ecuatorial no es admitido por razones jurisdiccionales

Grupo Francisco Hernando Contreras, S.L. vs. la República de Guinea Ecuatorial, Caso del CIADI No. ARB(AF)/12/2

Tribunal del CIADI ordena a Zimbabue la restitución de granjas expropiadas

Bernhard von Pezold y otros vs. Zimbabue, Caso del CIADI No ARB/10/15

Centro de Arbitraje de UNASUR a un paso de ser establecido

El 19 de enero de 2016, expertos de la Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (UNASUR) se reunieron en Montevideo, Uruguay, para concluir acuerdos sobre el centro regional propuesto para la solución de controversias en materia de inversiones.

Laudos  |  febrero 29, 2016

Tribunal del CIADI desestima demanda final de compensación por la cancelación de Hungría en 2008 de un contrato de compra de energía

Electrabel S.A. v. la República de Hungría, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/07/1

Laudos  |  febrero 29, 2016

Tribunal desestima todas las demandas de inversor minero de Estados Unidos contra Omán

Adel A. Hamadi Al Tamimi v. Sultanato de Omán, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/11/33

Laudos  |  febrero 29, 2016

Tribunal del CIADI declara su falta de competencia en un caso contra Macedonia y ordena al inversor a reembolsar el 80% de las costas y gastos judiciales

Guardian Fiduciary Trust Ltd, f/k/a Capital Conservator Savings & Loan Ltd v. la Ex República Yugoslava de Macedonia, Caso del CIADI No. ARB/12/31

Laudos  |  febrero 29, 2016

Se le otorga US$50 millones a Quiborax contra Bolivia, un tercio de la demanda inicial

(English) Quiborax S.A. and Non-Metallic Minerals S.A. v. Plurinational State of Bolivia (ICSID Case No. ARB/06/2)

Laudos  |  noviembre 26, 2015

First ICSID case brought by Chinese mainland investors dismissed on jurisdictional grounds

Ping An Life Insurance Company of China, Limited and Ping An Insurance (Group) Company of China, Limited v. Kingdom of Belgium, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/29

(English) Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy, 2013–2014

(English) This annual publication provides an overview of recent trends and key issues in international investment law and policy.

Unanimous ICSID tribunal dismisses expropriation claim due to Papua New Guinea’s lack of written consent to arbitrate

(English) PNG Sustainable Development Program Ltd. v. Independent State of Papua New Guinea, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/33

Government bonds not covered, despite broad definition of “investment” in Slovakia–Greece BIT; tribunal dismisses claims against Greece

(English) Poštová Banka, a.s. and Istrokapital SE v. The Hellenic Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/8

Looking to Venezuela’s Investment Law, majority finds that Venoklim was not a foreign investor and dismisses case against Venezuela; claimant-appointed arbitrator dissents

(English) Venoklim Holding B.V. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/22

Majority of ICSID tribunal finds no fair and equitable treatment violation by Albania in petroleum dispute

(English) Mamidoil Jetoil Greek Petroleum Products Societe S.A. v. The Republic of Albania, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/24

Proposed Changes to the Investment Dispute-Resolution System: A South American Perspective

The system of international investment arbitration suffers from serious flaws. In South America, more than other regions, these failings are apparent from direct experience. Perhaps because so many countries in the region have faced multiple international investment arbitrations based on multi-million dollar claims for compensations, a number of alternatives to the current system of investment dispute resolution have been proposed by governments, multilateral institutions and academics.

Counterclaims by States in Investment Arbitration

It is quite common in investment arbitration for the respondent State to include in its defense to treaty claims one or more criticisms of the investor’s underlying conduct. Yet while such arguments feature prominently in State defenses, they are rarely framed as counterclaims seeking affirmative relief. The reason may lie in an instinctive preference by States to pursue any affirmative claims in their own courts. But it may also lie in perceived limits to the jurisdiction of international tribunals to hear State counterclaims.

Two recent ICSID decisions have reached entirely different conclusions on the issue of jurisdiction over State counterclaims. This essay touches briefly on certain jurisprudential and policy factors that may explain the divergent results and frame future cases for further analysis.

ITN  |  enero 14, 2013

Awards and Decisions

US$1.76 billion dollar award levied against Ecuador in dispute with Occidental; tribunal split over damages   Occidental Petroleum Corporation and Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. The Republic of Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/11 Damon Vis-Dunbar The Republic of Ecuador has been ordered to pay US$1,769,625,000 billion in damages—the largest award to be handed down […]

ITN  |  octubre 30, 2012

Awards and Decisions

Majority declines jurisdiction in claim against Argentina over domestic litigation requirement Daimler Financial Services AG v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/1 Damon Vis-Dunbar A claim against Argentina by a subsidiary of the German automotive firm Daimler A.G. has failed on its merits because the claimant did not first bring the dispute to court in […]

ITN  |  octubre 30, 2012

News in Brief

South Africa begins withdrawing from EU-member BITs South Africa has terminated its bilateral investment treaty with Belgium and Luxembourg, and intends to phase out other treaties with European countries. In a September 7th letter to Belgium’s Ambassador in Pretoria, South Africa’s Minister of International Relations denunciated the treaty, in accordance with the treaty’s termination clauses […]

Inching Towards Consensus: An Update on the UNCITRAL Transparency Negotiations

From October 1-5, 2012, a working group of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law met in Vienna to continue work on how to ensure transparency in treaty-based investor-state arbitration. It was the working group’s fifth week-long meeting on the topic, but will not be the last.

Consent to Arbitration Through National Investment Legislation

National investment codes[1] may function as potential sources of international investment law. In other words, states may make unilateral undertakings within the framework of national investment legislations and, as a result, be considered as having “created international obligation[s]”.[2] The addressees of national investment legislations are foreign investors as well as the state that is itself […]

ITN  |  julio 19, 2012

News in Brief

Vattenfall launches new claim against Germany The Swedish state-run energy firm Vattenfall has launched a second claim against Germany. The claim stems from Germany’s May 2011 decision to phase-out its nuclear power plants, in which 8 plants have been shuttered and the remaining 9 plants to be closed over the next decade. While Germany has […]

ITN  |  abril 13, 2012

News in Brief

Australia to reject investor-state dispute resolution in TPPA The Australian government will not sign on to investor-state dispute resolution provisions in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA), according to an Australian government official. “We have made it clear that we will no longer be seeking investor-state dispute settlement provisions in trade agreements,” said the Australian Minister […]

Venezuela’s Withdrawal From ICSID: What it Does and Does Not Achieve

In January 2012, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela denounced the ICSID Convention,[1] becoming the third country – after Bolivia and Ecuador – to do so. The exit from the global forum for the settlement of investment disputes signals these countries’ apparent loss of faith in the system and raises questions about the Convention’s fitness for […]

Defining an ICSID Investment: Why Economic Development Should be the Core Element

A dispute will only fall within the jurisdiction of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) if it directly arises out of an ‘investment’, as is provided by Article 25(1) of the Convention for the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (ICSID Convention). However, not only does the ICSID Convention fail to provide any definition of what constitutes an ‘investment’, the drafters of the ICSID Convention, in fact, made an express decision not to include such a definition. This absence has given rise to interesting issues of interpretation as ICSID tribunals have sought to arrive at an understanding of how the term ‘investment’ should be properly understood for the purposes of the ICSID Convention.

Mission Creep: International Investment Agreements and Sovereign Debt Restructuring

As members of the Eurozone are now acutely aware, the lack of a sovereign debt restructuring regime is one of the most glaring gaps in the international financial architecture. That said, this summer’s decision by a tribunal of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), which grants a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) jurisdiction […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2012

Awards and Decisions

Arbitrator sharply critical of majority decision in Italian bondholder claim against Argentina Abaclat and Others (Case formerly known as Giovanna a Beccara and Others) v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/5 Damon Vis-Dunbar Professor Georges Abi-Saab has delivered a sharply worded dissent against a decision that granted jurisdiction to an ICSID case involving tens of […]

ITN  |  enero 12, 2012

News in Brief

Philip Morris files for arbitration over intellectual property dispute with Australia The tobacco company Philip Morris filed for arbitration on 21 November 2011, claiming the government of Australia’s regulations on cigarette branding breach the Hong Kong-Australia bilateral investment treaty. The announcement arrived on the same day that the Australian Parliament passed legislation that bans most […]

ITN  |  julio 12, 2011

Awards and Decisions

Swiss claimant fails jurisdictional stage for not qualifying as an ‘investor’ Alps Finance and Trade AG v. Slovak Republic Damon Vis-Dunbar A claim against the government of Slovakia has failed after a three-member tribunal declined jurisdiction. The tribunal determined that the claimant was not an “investor” as intended by the Switzerland-Slovakia bilateral investment treaty. In […]

Philip Morris v. Uruguay: Will investor-State arbitration send restrictions on tobacco marketing up in smoke?

For nearly two decades, the tobacco industry has used international investment rules to challenge governmentrestrictions on cigarette marketing.  In 1994, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company threatened to bring a claim under the North American Free Trade Agreement’s (NAFTA) investment chapter as part of its successful lobbying campaign against Canada’s proposed “plain packaging” legislation, which would have […]

ITN  |  diciembre 16, 2010

Awards and decisions

Georgia loses dispute with Greek and Israeli oil investors Ioannis Kardassopoulos and Ron Fuchs v. The Republic of Georgia (ICSID Case Nos. ARB/05/18 and ARB/07/15) Martin D. Brauch Two oil traders have been awarded more than US$45 million each in damages from the Republic of Georgia in an ICSID award that advances a broad interpretation […]

ITN  |  septiembre 23, 2010

Procedural requirements for arbitrator challenges: Finding fault with CEMEX v. Venezuela

One fundamental principle of investor-State arbitration is the ability of parties to have their disputes resolved by independent and impartial arbitrators. In order to ensure adherence to this principle, laws and rules governing investor-State arbitrations grant parties the right to challenge arbitrators lacking these qualifications. Given the importance of ensuring arbitrator independence and impartiality, and as evidenced by the recent decision in and subsequent commentary on Vivendi v. Argentina, practitioners and stakeholders in investor-State arbitrations are devoting significant efforts to defining the substantive standards warranting arbitrator challenges, and to understanding what those standards require in practice.

The transparency requirement in the new UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules: A premonitory view

Ignacio Torterola  In October, State delegations are expected to discuss the issue of transparency in the UNCITRAL Rules of Arbitration.  Ignacio Torterola, ICSID Liaison at the Argentine Embassy in Washington, DC, and Argentine Delegate to the UNCITRAL Working Group II, explains why greater openness would benefit the investment arbitration system.  Some preliminary considerations Working Group […]

ITN  |  mayo 11, 2010

Philip Morris initiates arbitration against Uruguay over new labeling requirements, taxes

By Fernando Cabrera Diaz May 11, 2010 Tobacco giant Philip Morris International (PMI) has initiated an ICSID arbitration against Uruguay over new rules requiring that 80% of cigarette pack surfaces be devoted to graphic warnings of the dangers associated with smoking. The company alleges that the labeling requirements and recent tax increase harm its investments […]

ITN  |  mayo 11, 2010

ICSID Panel Denies Ukraine’s Challenge to Arbitrator

By Elizabeth Whitsitt May 11, 2010 On March 19, 2010 two members of an ICSID arbitral tribunal – the Honourable Davis R. Robinson (President) and Dr. Stanimir A. Alexandrov – dismissed the Ukraine’s challenge to the tribunal’s third member, Dr. Yoram Turbowicz. Arbitral proceedings between Alpha Projektholding GMBH (Alpha) and the Ukraine began in 2007 […]