Expropriation

Judgment C-252 of 2019 of the Constitutional Court of Colombia: Change of precedent on the control of BITs

Judgment C-252 of the Constitutional Court of Colombia,[1] on the constitutionality of the Colombia–France BIT,[2] has aroused interest[3] for being the response of the constitutional judge to the way in which foreign investment protection clauses are incorporated into domestic law.

Awards  |  September 19, 2019

Spain held liable for breach of FET under the ECT for frustrating legitimate expectations of 9REN, a Luxembourg-based renewable energy investor

9REN Holding S.À.R.L. v. The Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/15

Awards  |  September 19, 2019

Jurisdiction declined in case against Uruguay as ICSID tribunal concludes that American company lacked ownership or control over the investment

Italba Corporation v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay, ICSID Case No. ARB/16/9

SCC tribunal finds Poland liable for expropriation over divestment order to Luxembourg investor

PL HOLDINGS S.À.R.L. V. REPUBLIC OF POLAND (SCC CASE NO. V2014/163)

Investors’ legitimate expectation claims against Italy dismissed due to the absence of specific commitments

BLUSUN S.A., JEAN-PIERRE LECORCIER AND MICHAEL STEIN V. ITALIAN REPUBLIC, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/14/3

ICSID tribunal constituted by virtue of an MFN clause holds Turkmenistan liable for FET breach for requiring investors to produce “smeta,” a cost estimate required by Turkmen law

GARANTI KOZA LLP V. TURKMENISTAN, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/11/20

ICSID tribunal awards ConocoPhillips USD 8.7 billion plus interest in dispute with Venezuela

CONOCOPHILLIPS PETROZUATA B.V., CONOCOPHILLIPS HAMACA B.V., CONOCOPHILLIPS GULF OF PARIA B.V. AND CONOCOPHILLIPS COMPANY V. THE BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/07/30

Venezuela survives ICSID claims of expropriation and FET by Anglo American

ANGLO AMERICAN PLC V. BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA, ICSID CASE NO. ARB(AF)/14/1

Tribunal finds expropriation of investment by Bolivia due to non-payment of compensation but awards only sunk costs to British investor

SOUTH AMERICAN SILVER LIMITED (BERMUDA) V. THE PLURINATIONAL STATE OF BOLIVIA, PCA CASE NO. 2013-15

Cyprus legitimately exercised its police powers, defeats ICSID claims by Greek bankers

MARFIN INVESTMENT GROUP HOLDINGS S.A., ALEXANDROS BAKATSELOS AND OTHERS V. REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/13/27

Cyprus fends off SCC expropriation claim by Polish investors over bank bail-in measures

TOMASZ CZĘŚCIK AND ROBERT ALEKSANDROWICZ V. CYPRUS, SCC CASE NO. V 2014/169

Awards  |  December 21, 2018

ICSID tribunal finds Hungary in breach of expropriation clause in France–Hungary BIT

UP AND C.D. HOLDING INTERNATIONALE V. HUNGARY, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/13/35

Awards  |  December 21, 2018

ICSID tribunal accepts jurisdiction over investor’s claim under United Kingdom–Czechia BIT but rules in favour of Czechia

A11Y LTD V. CZECH REPUBLIC, ICSID CASE NO. UNCT/15/1

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Biwater v. Tanzania

Biwater Gauff (Tanzania) Ltd. v. United Republic of Tanzania, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/22 (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Award available at https://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/ita0095.pdf Keywords Amicus curiae, causation, damages, definition of “investment,” expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, jurisdiction, […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

CME v. Czech Republic, Lauder v. Czech Republic

CME Czech Republic B.V. v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL Ronald S. Lauder v. Czech Republic, UNCITRAL (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Awards available at https://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/ita0180.pdf (CME), https://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/ita0451.pdf (Lauder) Keywords Abuse of process, actionable measures, arbitrary and discriminatory conduct, broad dispute […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Continental Casualty v. Argentina

Continental Casualty Co. v. Republic of Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/9 (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Decisions and award available at https://www.italaw.com/cases/329 Keywords Expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, legitimate expectations, margin of appreciation, necessity defence, reference to other […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Methanex v. United States

Methanex Corp. v. United States of America, UNCITRAL (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Decision and awards available at https://www.italaw.com/cases/683 Keywords Amicus curiae, corruption, environmental measures, expropriation, fair and equitable treatment/minimum international standards of treatment, legitimate expectations, like circumstances, […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Siemens v. Argentina

Siemens A.G. v. Republic of Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/8 (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Decision, award and other documents available at https://www.italaw.com/cases/1026 Keywords Corruption, damages, expropriation, interpretation, investor obligations, margin of appreciation, most favoured nation, proportionality, […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Vivendi v. Argentina

Compañía de Aguas del Aconquija S.A. and Vivendi Universal S.A. v. Republic of Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/97/3 (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Decisions and awards available at https://www.italaw.com/cases/309 Keywords Arbitrator independence, attribution, broad dispute resolution clause, contractual forum […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Glamis v. United States

Glamis Gold Ltd. v. United States of America (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Award and other documents available at http://www.state.gov/s/l/c10986.htm Keywords Amicus curiae, cultural measures, environmental measures, expropriation, fair and equitable treatment/minimum international standards of treatment, legitimate […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Metalclad v. Mexico

Metalclad Corp. v. United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/97/1 (Originally published in 2011 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from 2000–2010; republished on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Award and judicial review decisions available at https://www.italaw.com/cases/671 Keywords Environmental measures, expropriation, fair and equitable treatment/minimum international standards of treatment, judicial review, […]

ITN  |  October 18, 2018

Philip Morris v. Uruguay

Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/7 (Published in 2018 in International Investment Law and Sustainable Development: Key cases from the 2010s and on this website on October 18, 2018. Read more here.) Decision and award available at http://www.italaw.com/cases/460 Keywords Expropriation – police power […]

Awards  |  October 17, 2018

ICSID tribunal finds Croatia in breach of expropriation obligations under Austria–Croatia BIT

GEORG GAVRILOVIĆ AND GAVRILOVIĆ D.O.O. V. REPUBLIC OF CROATIA, ICSID CASE. NO. ARB/12/39

Awards  |  October 17, 2018

Cypriot investor awarded EUR 18 million for expropriation and violation of national treatment and FET

OLIN HOLDINGS LIMITED V. STATE OF LIBYA, ICC CASE NO. 20355/MCP

Awards  |  October 17, 2018

PCA tribunal holds India liable for unlawful expropriation and FET breach under India–Mauritius BIPA

CC/DEVAS (MAURITIUS) LTD., DEVAS EMPLOYEES MAURITIUS PRIVATE LIMITED., AND TELCOM DEVAS MAURITIUS LIMITED V. THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA, PCA CASE NO. 2013-09

UNCITRAL tribunal declines jurisdiction as France–Mauritius BIT does not apply to dual national investor

DAWOOD RAWAT V. THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS, PCA CASE 2016-20

Luxembourg fund awarded EUR 53.3 million for FET breach arising out of Spain’s curtailment of renewable energy incentive schemes

NOVENERGIA II – ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT (SCA) (GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG), SICAR V. THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN, SCC CASE NO. 063/2015

ICSID tribunal finds Latvia breached FET under Latvia–Lithuania BIT

UAB E ENERĢIJA V. REPUBLIC OF LATVIA, ICSID CASE NO. ARB/12/33

Venezuela held liable for unlawful expropriation of fertilizer plants

Koch Minerals Sárl and Koch Nitrogen International Sárl v. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/19

Awards  |  December 21, 2017

Canadian mining company awarded sunk costs only in compensation for Peruvian expropriation

Bear Creek Mining Corporation v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/21

Awards  |  December 21, 2017

Kazakhstan held liable for expropriation of Hourani family’s investment on second round of ICSID arbitration

Caratube International Oil Company LLP and Devincci Salah Hourani v. Republic of Kazakhstan, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/13

A Look into China’s Slowly Increasing Appearance in ISDS Cases

China has sustained robust inbound and outbound flows of foreign direct investment and expanded its web of investment treaties. This note sheds light on the country’s appearance in investment treaty cases in the past decade, either as home or host state.

Awards  |  September 26, 2017

All claims by Isolux Infrastructure Netherlands against Spain are dismissed

Isolux Infrastructure Netherlands B.V. v. the Kingdom of Spain, SCC Case No. V2013/153

Awards  |  September 26, 2017

Argentina ordered to pay over USD320 million for unlawful expropriation in airlines case

Teinver S.A., Transportes de Cercanías S.A. and Autobuses Urbanos del Sur S.A. v. The Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/09/1

Awards  |  September 26, 2017

WNC v. Czechia: tribunal dismisses expropriation claim and determines that it has no jurisdiction over all other claims

WNC Factoring Limited v. The Czech Republic, PCA Case No. 2014-34

Awards  |  September 26, 2017

ICSID tribunal awards roughly USD380 million in compensation for illegal expropriation by Ecuador

Burlington Resources Inc. v. Republic of Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/08/5

Highly anticipated NAFTA award rejects patent law–related claim against Canada

Eli Lilly and Company v. The Government of Canada, UNCITRAL, ICSID Case No. UNCT/14/2

SCC tribunal dismisses claims brought by British company and its shareholders against the Czech Republic

Anglia Auto Accessories Ltd. v. Czech Republic (SCC Case No. V 2014/181) and Ivan Peter Busta and James Peter Busta v. Czech Republic (SCC Case No. V 2015/014)

ICSID tribunal finds Egypt in breach of several provisions of the U.S.–Egypt BIT

Ansung Housing Co., Ltd. v. People’s Republic of China, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/25

Resubmission tribunal puts an end to a 20-year dispute before ICSID

Victor Pey Casado and Foundation Presidente Allende v. The Republic of Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/98/2

ITN  |  March 13, 2017

Awards and Decisions

ICSID tribunal dismisses claims brought against Indonesia based on forged mining licences Churchill Mining PLC and Planet Mining Pty Ltd v. Republic of Indonesia, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/14 and ICSID Case No. ARB/12/40 Inaê Siqueira de Oliveira [*] After rendering separate decisions on jurisdiction¾one for the case brought by British company Churchill Mining PLC under the United […]

NAFTA tribunal orders Canada to pay U.S. wind power developer more than CAD28 million

Windstream Energy LLC v. Government of Canada, PCA Case No. 2013-22  An arbitral tribunal under Chapter 11 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has reached the award stage. Although dismissing the discrimination and indirect expropriation claims, the tribunal upheld the claim of failure to provide fair and equitable treatment (FET), and ordered Canada […]

PCA tribunal dismisses expropriation and FET claims concerning an eco-touristic venture 

Peter A. Allard v. The Government of Barbados, PCA Case No. 2012-06 On June 27, 2016, a tribunal under the auspices of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) dismissed all claims by Canadian businessman Peter A. Allard against Barbados under the Canada–Barbados bilateral investment treaty (BIT) and the Arbitration Rules of the United Nations Commission […]

India’s Joint Interpretive Statement for BITs: An Attempt to Slay the Ghosts of the Past

The Government of India has proposed a Joint Interpretative Statement to its bilateral investment treaty (BIT) partners. The statement clarifies key substantive and procedural provisions, bringing them more in line with India’s new foreign investment policy.

ITN  |  December 12, 2016

Awards and Decisions

Venezuela to Pay Us$1 Billion For Expropriating Canadian Mining Company’s Investment

ICSID Tribunal dismisses MFN Clause in WTO GATS as a means of importing Senegal’s consent to arbitration from third party BIT

PCA tribunal deemed acts of Polish Agricultural Property Agency not attributable to Poland

Claimant not considered Investor due to interpretation of “Seat” under Cyprus–Montenegro BIT

Ecuador’s Levy on extraordinary oil profits at a 99% rate has breached Murphy’s legitimate expectations, decides PCA tribunal

Ecuador ordered by PCA tribunal to pay $24 million to Canadian Mining Company

Awards  |  December 12, 2016

Ecuador ordered by PCA tribunal to pay $24 million to Canadian mining company

Copper Mesa Mining Corporation v. Republic of Ecuador, PCA No. 2012-2 – Matthew Levine

Awards  |  August 10, 2016

Awards and Decisions

The long-expected final award has been rendered in the high-profile case initiated by tobacco giant Philip Morris in early 2010 against Uruguay over its tobacco control measures.

Awards  |  August 10, 2016

Philip Morris v. Uruguay: all claims dismissed; Uruguay to receive US$7 million reimbursement

Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/7

Awards  |  August 10, 2016

Corporate restructuring and abuse of rights: PCA tribunal deems Philip Morris’s claims against Australia’s tobacco plain packaging rules inadmissible 

Philip Morris Asia Limited v. The Commonwealth of Australia, PCA Case No. 2012-12

Awards  |  August 10, 2016

Claimant fails to comply with three-year limitation period under CAFTA-DR

A tribunal at the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) declared that it lacked jurisdiction in the case of Corona Materials LLC (a U.S. company) against the Dominican Republic.