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Advancing Alignment for Climate-Resilient Development

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Sustainable development, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation are inextricably linked and interconnected fields.

Building strategic linkages and coordinating actions among them could increase the effectiveness of different actions and related goals.

In 2015, the global community adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). All of them have substantial areas of overlap and clear convergence of objectives related to strengthening resilience, fostering sustainable development and reducing vulnerability to climate change and disasters. For example, the Paris Agreement recognizes the links between climate action and sustainable development while the 2030 Agenda highlights the role of climate change impacts in undermining sustainable development. The Paris Agreement has significant overlap with the Sendai Framework when it deals with losses and damage caused by climate change and extreme weather. Furthermore, Sendai recognizes climate change as a driver of disaster risk and that DRR is essential for sustainable development. In addition, all three frameworks have formulated improved cooperation and international support as a common goal (in SDG 17 of the 2030 Agenda and in both the Sendai Framework and Paris Agreement), creating the foundation for creating functional linkages.

Within countries, policy processes have been established to outline individual commitments and strategies for meeting each nation’s objectives under these global agendas. These include strategies aimed at achieving the SDGs; National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement; and DRR strategies under the Sendai Framework. Alignment of these different processes can increase coherence, efficiency and effectiveness toward achieving development outcomes that are resilient and sustainable.

It is thus critical to promote a coherent approach to the planning, implementation and reporting of the three global agendas. Pursuing alignment will enable smarter use of resources, improve the quality of planning and magnify the impacts. It will also help minimize potential conflicts and counterproductive implementation of measures, achieving joint agenda goals more efficiently and effectively.

While many countries recognize the value of alignment, they struggle to understand what aligned policy processes look like in practice and how this can be achieved. To date, the research on good examples of aligned and integrated policy processes under the different post-2015 global agendas is limited.

IISD has published three briefs introducing the concept of alignment and outlining entry points for countries to get started in aligning different policy processes. These briefs also highlight country perspectives on the alignment of NAPs and NDCs as a basis for broader alignment toward climate-resilient development.

The briefs are complemented by case studies (Colombia, Kenya, Sri Lanka), that explore country-specific emerging good practices and practical learnings in aligning their national-level policy processes under these global agendas. 

The overview briefs and case studies are a product of the Support Project for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPA), which is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) under its International Climate Initiative (IKI). They were produced jointly by IISD and GIZ.

  • Policy Brief
    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Overview Brief 1 Introduction to Alignment

    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Overview Brief 1 Introduction to Alignment

    This is the first in a series of briefs focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Read More
  • Briefing Note
    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Overview Brief 2 Getting Started on Alignment

    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Overview Brief 2 Getting Started on Alignment

    The brief explores how the different agendas and policy processes relate to each other and to a country’s national development planning processes. It describes the enabling factors for alignment and discusses how alignment objectives can be defined. Read More
  • Briefing Note
    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Overview Brief 3

    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development: Overview Brief 3

    This brief explores country perspectives on alignment of national-level policy processes under the Paris Agreement—specifically, NAPs and NDCs—as a basis for broader alignment toward climate-resilient development. Read More
  • Briefing Note
    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development | Country Case Study: Sri Lanka

    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development | Country Case Study: Sri Lanka

    This case study on Sri Lanka is part of a series of briefs focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.  Read More
  • Briefing Note
    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development | Country Case Study: Kenya

    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development | Country Case Study: Kenya

    This case study on Kenya is part of a series of briefs focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.  Read More
  • Briefing Note
    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development | Country Case Study: Colombia

    Alignment to Advance Climate-Resilient Development | Country Case Study: Colombia

    This case study on Colombia is part of a series of briefs focusing on alignment of country efforts under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Read More