Environmental, social and economic impacts of a Public Bicycle Sharing System in Dwarka, New Delhi, India


The SAVi assessment of the Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) System in Dwarka is close to completion and the final report will be published in November 2019.

The assessment of the PBS system in Dwarka shows in detail the environmental, social and economic benefits and costs resulting from the implementation and use of this non-motorized transport infrastructure. It involved a valuation of the environmental, social and economic externalities of the PBS system in Dwarka, looking beyond conventional revenue streams and capital and operational expenditures. These externalities would result from citizens switching to using the bicycles provided by the PBS system, decreasing their use of motorized transport, and less walking. Externalities translate into added benefits and avoided costs resulting from the PBS system. They include a reduction in the costs of air and noise pollution, as well as the health benefits of increased physical activity and higher retail revenues. Integrating these costs and benefits into the valuation shows that investing in this project will have a positive societal impact.

The assessment of the PBS system in Dwarka shows in detail the environmental, social and economic benefits and costs resulting from the implementation and use of this non-motorized transport infrastructure. It involved a valuation of the environmental, social and economic externalities of the PBS system in Dwarka, looking beyond conventional revenue streams and capital and operational expenditures. These externalities would result from citizens switching to using the bicycles provided by the PBS system, decreasing their use of motorized transport, and less walking. Externalities translate into added benefits and avoided costs resulting from the PBS system. They include a reduction in the costs of air and noise pollution, as well as the health benefits of increased physical activity and higher retail revenues. Integrating these costs and benefits into the valuation shows that investing in this project will have a positive societal impact.

The SAVi results provide quantitative evidence of how the PBS system will contribute to several transport policy objectives set out in the Delhi Master Plan 2021. The Centre for Green Mobility, which is the concept developer of the PBS system and the client for this SAVi assessment, is currently using the SAVi results in conversations with public authorities in India to promote the implementation of this system and others like it. Procurement of the project developer and operator for the Dwarka PBS system is currently ongoing and public tenders for the construction of bicycle lanes and the installation of new streetlighting are being prepared. IISD looks forward to providing advice and conducting further analyses on the value and financial performance of sustainable transport infrastructure in India.