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Environment, Conflict and Peacebuilding

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Promoting the role of ecosystem management and natural resource governance is necessary to moving fragile societies onto pathways of resilience.

The connections between environmental issues and conflict are many and complex. Environmental factors themselves are rarely, if ever, the sole cause of violence. But natural resources and other environmental factors are linked to violent conflict in a variety of ways often obscured by more visible issues, such as ethnic tension and power politics. Our experts reveal the links among environmental change, natural resources and security. We also focus on what can be done about these links: namely, trying to better understand how peacebuilding practitioners, working in fragile states, can integrate climate risks and considerations into their work to ensure that it is sustainable and that it supports the transition from fragility to peace. 

  • Paper
    Conservation and Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone

    Conservation and Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone

    Conservation is an intensely political exercise and can be heavily contested.It inherently involves limiting or controlling the access to natural...

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  • Paper
    Conflict-Sensitive Conservation in Gola Rainforest National Park: Workshop Report

    Conflict-Sensitive Conservation in Gola Rainforest National Park: Workshop Report

    This workshop report summarizes a meeting on conflict-sensitive conservation (CSC) which was held in Kenema, Sierra Leone, on August 2, 2011.The...

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  • Paper
    Healing the Rift: Peacebuilding in and around protected areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Albertine Rift

    Healing the Rift: Peacebuilding in and around protected areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Albertine Rift

    This report summarizes a 27-month project that piloted a conflict-sensitive approach to conservation in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo at...

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  • Book
    Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons from community conservancies in northern Kenya

    Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons from community conservancies in northern Kenya

    This report is based on the findings of research carried out in two community wildlife conservancies in northern Kenya earlier this year. 

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  • Book
    Conflict-Sensitive Conservation: Practitioners' Manual

    Conflict-Sensitive Conservation: Practitioners' Manual

    The Albertine Rift is one of the most biodiverse and ecologically unique regions of Africa. Sadly it has also been the site of some of the world's most violent conflicts in recent history. This turbulent context can pose a range of risks and opportunities to conservationists who are managing resources that can be both a seed of conflict and foundation for peace-building.

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  • Commentary
    Hope and Change are Far from Reality for Congolese and a Threatened Environment

    Hope and Change are Far from Reality for Congolese and a Threatened Environment

    In the IISD Commentary, Alec Crawford notes that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is home to one of the world's worst ongoing conflicts. For...

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  • Paper
    Gorillas in the Midst: Assessing the peace and conflict impacts of International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) activities

    Gorillas in the Midst: Assessing the peace and conflict impacts of International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) activities

    Conservation work in conflict zones and across international borders has impacts on more than just wildlife populations and their habitats; it can...

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  • Paper
    Conserving the Peace: Analyzing the links between conservation and conflict in the Albertine Rift

    Conserving the Peace: Analyzing the links between conservation and conflict in the Albertine Rift

    Strategy Report prepared following the Project Inception Meeting in Nairobi, 1-2 February 2006.

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  • Paper
    Protected areas and the security community

    Protected areas and the security community

    Protected Areas are often situated in remote areas prone to conflict, but they can also make important contributions to peace. This paper draws...

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