Energy transitions are about people: the ones who make the decisions and the ones affected by those decisions. A "just transition" approach ensures that the affected people are considered by those making decisions.
The world has seen many transitions in the past, from automation to the decline or relocation of entire industries, leading to job losses and economic hardship. This has created a fear that future transitions will be similarly painful.
Low-carbon energy transitions are already happening in many countries, often due to economic factors or health concerns, but also supported and accelerated by climate change policies. Nevertheless, the actors involved, including governments, businesses, workers and communities, have a tendency to protect the status quo and keep carbon-intensive industries alive.
Early action on a just transition can minimize the negative impacts and maximize positive opportunities. The Paris Agreement on climate change includes just transition as an important principle. Just transition is not a fixed set of rules, but a vision and a process based on dialogue and an agenda shared by workers, industry and governments that need to be negotiated and implemented in their geographical, political, cultural and social contexts. It is implemented with a set of guiding principles, such as the International Labour Organization's guidelines for a just transition.
Redesigning the Energy Charter Treaty to Advance the Low-Carbon Transition
This paper discusses practical ways to overhaul the Energy Charter Treaty to bring it in line with international law commitments with respect to climate change and sustainable development.Read More
Raising Ambition Through Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: Greenhouse gas emissions results modelling from 26 countries
This working paper models 26 countries and finds national average emission reductions of 6 per cent from the removal of fossil fuel subsidies. For every tonne of CO2e removed through FFSR, governments save an average of USD 93. Global emission reductions from reforms are between 6.4 and 8.2 per cent by 2050. Countries can consider the carbon reduction co-benefits from FFSR and taxation within second-generation Nationally Determined Contributions.Read More
Energy Efficiency and Subsidy Reform: A virtuous circle
Energy challenges are similar across the world. Fortunately, so are the solutions. In many cases, subsidy reform and energy efficiency are closely linked and mutually supportive.Read More
How Will the Circular Economy Impact Jobs?
New research digs into some of the possible job impacts if a country like Finland fully embraces a circular economy model.Read More
Policy Approaches for a Kerosene to Solar Subsidy Swap in India
India could save money and reduce indoor air pollution by switching kerosene subsidies to solar.Read More
South Africa: Is a transition away from coal just around the corner?
In South Africa, coal has long been king, but emerging factors suggest the fossil fuel may soon be pushed off its throne.Read More
In Search of Just Transition: Examples From Around the World
What is a just transition? Essentially, it’s a balancing act.Read More
India's Energy Transition: Stranded coal power assets, workers and energy subsidies
What is driving stressed coal power assets in India, and how do we ensure workers, not assets, are the focus of government interventions in the future?Read More
Real People, Real Change: Strategies for just energy transitions
This report aims to support governments in their endeavour to make energy transitions just, building on research and case studies in Canada, Egypt, Indonesia, India, Poland and Ukraine.Read More
The End of Coal? What to Watch for at the Upcoming UN Climate Conference (COP24)
While COP24 was always intended to be a "technical" conference—with parties focused on finalizing the details required to operationalize the Paris Agreement—there is potential for a strong political element to the discussion.Read More