With over 10 years of experience, the IISD Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) is widely recognized as world-class leader in the quantification, evaluation and reform of subsidies.
Governments around the world spend at least a trillion dollars a year on subsidies to exploit the world's natural resources. But faced with increasing fiscal constraints, and concerned about making their economies cleaner, more inclusive and stable, governments are under increasing pressure to change course.
GSI works closely with governments to help them move away from subsidies that hinder sustainability. The goal is to encourage individual governments to undertake unilateral reforms on subsidy policy where these would deliver clear economic, environmental and social benefits. GSI also aims to generate a consensus in the World Trade Organization and in other forums on the need to take resolute, ongoing and systematic action to reduce or eliminate subsidies that are trade-distorting and undermine sustainable development.
Making the International Trade System Work for Climate Change: Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements
Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFSs) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change?Read More
Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 1: Senegal and the suffering sardinella
Overfishing has reached alarming proportions in West Africa, affecting the local economy, culture and people's daily lives. How can a WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies help?Read More
Une exploration des impacts potentiels des règles de l'OMC sur les subventions à la pêche : Le cas de la pêcherie de sardinelles en Afrique de l'Ouest
Cette étude de cas examine la manière dont de nouvelles règles de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce sur les subventions à la pêche pourraient concrètement affecter la pêcherie de sardinelles au large des côtes ouest-africaines.Read More
The Indonesia Election Result and Joko Widodo’s New Cabinet: What it means to fossil fuel subsidy reform
Indonesia's President Joko Widodo has chosen a new cabinet to help deliver his legacy in his final term, there are big tasks ahead regarding fossil fuel subsidies and renewable energy expansion.Read More
Locked In and Losing Out: British Columbia’s fossil fuel subsidies
British Columbia's fossil fuel subsidies reached CAD 830 million in 2017–2018, and new subsidies continue to be introduced. This report identifies provincial subsidies and calls on the province to undertake subsidy reform.Read More
How Reforming Fossil Fuel Subsidies Can Go Wrong: A lesson from Ecuador
There must be a foundation of trust, along with a clear plan to protect vulnerable segments of the population and, ideally, to phase in the reforms gradually.Read More
Energy Transition in Support of the Low-Carbon Development Initiative in Indonesia: Transport sector
Implementing an effective pricing mechanism is necessary for Indonesia to complete its landmark fuel subsidy reforms and prevent backsliding into expensive subsidy policies. The current pricing regime aims to deliver a public service but inadvertently contributes major social costs: air pollution and associated illness, greenhouse gas emissions and traffic congestion.Read More
Burning Problems, Inspiring Solutions: Sharing lessons on action against tobacco and fossil fuels
This report seeks to drive action on air pollution and climate change through the regulation of fossil fuels, considering society's experience with tobacco control.Read More
Submission to Environment and Climate Change Canada's Consultation on Non-Tax Fossil Fuel Subsidies
As part the G20 peer review of fossil fuel subsidies, Environment and Climate Change Canada opened a consultation on their review of non-tax subsidies. IISD developed this written submission in response.Read More
Mapping Policy for Solar Irrigation Across the Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus in India
How are India's off-grid solar pump policies affecting the water–energy–food nexus? This paper maps out impacts and the key policies that are driving them.Read More