As part of the Paris Agreement, Indonesia committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 29 per cent below its baseline emissions by 2030 (and by 41 per cent conditional on international support). In addition to the 23 per cent renewable energy goal, Indonesia also has a target of reaching 100 per cent electrification ratio by 2020.
This brief showcases examples of communications and awareness strategies for air pollution in India and China, with a focus on lessons that can be drawn for Indonesians looking to raise the level of public focus on air pollution issues in Indonesia.
Although air pollution in China and India is currently heavier than in Indonesia, these two countries have been giving more attention to tackling it. Given Indonesia’s very large coal growth projections and current level of air pollution, lessons can be learned from both China and India when it comes to addressing air pollution.
As part the G20 peer review of fossil fuel subsidies, Environment and Climate Change Canada opened a consultation on their review of non-tax subsidies. IISD developed this written submission in response.
It will cost up to INR 86,135 crore (USD 12 billion) to comply with India's rules for air pollution control technology in the current fleet of coal power plants, increasing the average cost of electricity by 9–21 per cent per kWh. The Ministry of Power must take a strict position to ensure compliance.