Mining can be critical to achieving the development aspirations of many developing countries and remote regions.
Often, however, the local and national development benefits of mining operations have been limited, and, in some cases, the results have even been negative.
Historically, a focus just on mining company rights and the provision of government tax benefits, while giving limited attention to environmental, social and local economic issues, has limited the sector’s contribution to sustainable development. Working to overcome these concerns, governments, companies and communities increasingly recognize the need for a broader understanding of mining’s potential contribution to local and national development. Transforming this awareness into action requires building the capacity, knowledge and tools required for appropriate reform of government and company policies and processes.
IISD has been deeply involved in the development of a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) with the International Bar Association’s (IBA) Mining Law Committee. IISD was invited to join the core administrative group on this IBA project when it began in 2009. Since then, we have engaged with the global legal and business community to develop an approach based on a simple question: What would a mining contract with a developing country look like if one started from the perspective of sustainable development?
IISD has served as the secretariat to the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) since 2015. The IGF supports more than 60 nations committed to leveraging mining for sustainable development to ensure that negative impacts are limited and financial benefits are shared. It is devoted to optimizing the benefits of mining to achieve poverty reduction, inclusive growth, social development and environmental stewardship.
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Kyrgyzstan
This report presents the mining policy framework (MPF) assessment for Kyrgyzstan, with a view to helping the government target its efforts in implementing the MPF.Read More
Not a Case of Either/Or: How government and mines in Zambia can save money through energy efficiency
For years, Zambia’s large hydroelectric dams were able to meet the power needs of its mines, but facing rising electricity demands the country opted to increase generation using coal, diesel and heavy fuel oil.Read More
What Do Bears and Smartphones Have in Common?
The challenge that electronics hibernation poses to the circular economy.Read More
Local Content Policies in the Mining Sector: Stimulating direct local employment
The paper, focused on stimulating direct local employment, is part of a set of expert documents to substantiate the IGF Guidance for Governments on local content policies, released in July 2018.Read More
Designing Local Content Policies in Mineral-Rich Countries
The paper, focused on designing local content policies in mineral-rich countries, is part of a set of expert documents to substantiate the IGF Guidance for Governments on local content policies, released in July 2018.Read More
Local Content Policies in the Mining Sector: Fostering downstream linkages
The paper, focused on downstream linkages, is part of a set of expert documents to substantiate the IGF Guidance for Governments on local content policies, released in July 2018.Read More
Women in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: Interventions for greater participation
This case study highlights how to improve women's participation in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), complementing the IGF's previous report, Women in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: Challenges and opportunities for greater participation.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Namibia
An assessment of Namibia's mining law and policies, conducted by the IGF at the request of the Government of Namibia and in collaboration with the Ministry of Mines and Energy.Read More
State of Sustainability Initiatives Review: Standards and the Extractive Economy
This report examines voluntary sustainability initiatives (VSIs), and their aim to promote sustainable production practices in the mining sector.Read More
Green Conflict Minerals: The fuels of conflict in the transition to a low-carbon economy
This reports seeks to understand how the transition to a low-carbon economy—and the minerals and metals required to make that shift—could affect fragility, conflict and violence dynamics in mineral-rich states.Read More